Hydrogen, Deuterium and Tritium

July 3, 2014
Energy Getting from point A to

Nuclei of the same element having same atomic number but different mass number are known as isotopes.

OR

Nuclei of same element having same number of proton but different number of neutron are knows as isotopes.

Example

  • 17Cl35 , 17Cl37
  • 6C12 , 6C13

ISOTOPES OF HYDROGEN

There are three isotopes of hydrogen.

  • Protium
  • Deuterium
  • Tritium

Protium

Ordinary hydrogen is knows as protium .

  • It has one electron, one proton but it has no neutron.
  • Mass number : 1
  • Charge number : 1
  • Symbol : 1H1

Percentage in natural hydrogen

99.98%

Structure
Deuterium

Heavy hydrogen is known as deuterium.

  • It has one electron one proton and one neutron.
  • Mass number: 2
  • Charge number: 1
  • Symbol: 1H2 or D

0.0156%

Ratio

Protium:Deturium =1:15000

Structure

Heavy water(D2O) consists of deuterium isotope of hydrogen.

TRITIUM

  • It has one electron, one proton and two neutrons.
  • Mass number : 3
  • Symbol : 1H3 or 1T3

4 X 10-15 %

  1. It is a radioactive isotope.
  2. It emits B-rays.
  3. It has a half life of 12.5 years.
  4. It is present in traces.
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